The Photographic Historical Society of Canada

Show and Tell 2008, Silent Night
Clint Hryhorijiw, Ed Warner
Program date: December 17, 2008

gifting mark singer
clint and mark gifting
Gift Exchange

Bob Lansdale
books reviewed
Books Reviewed

big pano pinhole
big pano pinhole
Pano Pinhole

sample positive and negative
tree print and negative
Sample Prints

Bob Gutteridge
Bob Gutteridge

motor shipping box
Shipping Label
Shipping Case

Cine-Kodak 16mm
Cine-Kodak 16mm
Cine-Kodak 16 mm
Cine Kodak 16 mm
Cine-Kodak 16 mm
Cine-Kodak 16 mm

les jones
les jones
Les Jones

Soccer 1890
1890 Preston
1891 Detroit
1891 Detroit
1904 Galt
1904 Galt Olympic

Bob Wilson - Stereo salesman's kit
Bob Wilson

Stereo salesman's kit
Salesman's Kit

Ed warner and Bob Wilson
Using the Kit

pre auction

Cheking the Lots
Checking the Lots

This evening we combined our annual show and tell session chaired by Clint Hryhorijiw with a very successful silent auction arranged by Ed Warner and our traditional gift exchange under the careful eye of Mark Singer. Mark began the evening with the gift exchange and then turned the floor over to Clint who co-ordinated the Show and Tell portion of the evening.

Bob Lansdale - Recent Books. Bob began the Show and Tell, showing the audience a number of interesting books which have won awards or been reviewed in a recent Email Newsletter. Bob encouraged members to consider purchasing copies of those titles which interested them: Early Photography in Kingston 3rd Edn (Jennifer McKendry) PHSC: Award Jennifer McKendry The Complete Nikon Rangefinder System (Robert Rotoloni) Email Newsletter V8-6 The BetterPhoto Guide to Digital Photography (Jim Miotke) Email Newsletter V8-6 The Evolution and Demise of the Larger Format Press Camera (Reg Holloway) Email Newsletter V8-6

John Morden - Pinhole Photography. John never ceases to amaze with his eclectic interests. Tonight he shared a few of his well crafted home-made pinhole cameras with us - including sample photographs taken with the instuments. His first offering was a can style camera constructed from a Boddingtons Pub Ale can. John assured the audience that after sampling many alternative products - he was at university at the time - the Boddingtons was chosen for its sturdier metal constriction. John chose the Morningside Church in Scarborough as a fitting subject for his Boddingtons camera.

boddington pinhole
John Morden
Boddington camera
smal cube pinhole
Cube Pinhole
small wood pinhole
Side View
samples with cube
Sample Prints
sample print
Sample Print

His second camera was a carefully constructed little cube of wood. The little jewel was designed to be clamped in place indoors for the 3 to 5 hour exposures on photographic papers - shades of Fox Talbot and his little “mouse-traps” of the 1830s. John showed a selection of images some with a ghost of motion as normal household events went on at a much faster pace than the multi-hour exposure.

John’s pride of place went to his very sturdy panorama pinhole camera constructed from a piece of sonotube from Home Depot - his “favourite” camera store. The camera uses a 5.5 x 14 inch sheet of photographic paper to capture a paper negative. The F/350 pinhole lens needs only a one to four minutes exposure outdoors in good sunlight. John noted that close-up shots show some distortion. John uses a normal exposure meter along with a home-made nomogram. For example, if the light meter shows an exposure of say 1/60th of a second at f/8, John’s nomogram shows his camera will need a 32 second exposure with its f/350 pinhole. For the longer exposures, John calculates the added exposure time needed to counteract reciprocity failure. The effective aperture of the pinhole is calculated once the diameter of the tiny hole is known - an easy task since the hole is drilled in brass with a jeweller’s drill and bit - many very small diameter bits can be had from Lee Valley Tools on Steele’s just a bit west of Weston Road. John recommends sandwiching the brass between two pieces of wood then drilling through all three layers. This gives a smooth edge to the pinhole without a need for any sanding.

Check these sites for more on pinhole photography:
Pinhole photography by Justin Quinnell (practicing professional)
Photo-Net Pinhole Photography (extensive history)
Wikipedia Article on the Pinhole Camera
Worldwide Pinhole Photography Day

Robert Gutteridge - Cine-Kodak and Motor Drive. Bob is a well known active collector of antique movie gear and optical toys. Tonight he brought with him a Cine-Kodak - Kodak’s first 16 mm movie camera, a massive hand cranked instrument released in 1923 to complement its new 16 mm safety movie film. The bulky, heavy, hand-cranked Cine-Kodak must be used on a tripod even though advertisements of the time showed young women using it hand-held. The first 1,000 Cine-Kodaks had only an eye-level viewer. This was quickly augmented by a waist-level viewer.

opening the motor box
Opening inner box
EK Electric Motor
Motor and Battery
EK 16mm camera and motor
Camera and Motor
motor connection
Motor from side
motor and battery
Motor from Top
charging kit
Charging Kit

Unfortunately the same year, the competition, Bell & Howell, came out with the first easier to use spring drive 16 mm movie camera. Not to be out done, Kodak decided to offer a motor too. Typical of the times, Kodak to try to have the ultimate product and decided to offer an add-on battery driven motor. This added a heavy motor drive to an already heavy camera. It was a marketing failure. Batteries of the time were primitive and electrical service to homes was sketchy and non-standard. Kodak’s electric motor drive anticipated this by making the small lead-acid cell chargeable from dry-cells or a variety of alternating and direct current sources. A special electrical socket was included so you could add an outlet to a hanging light bulb and continue using the light while the battery charged.

The motor was offered in two versions - one without a built-in waist-level viewer, and for the earliest cameras one with a waist-level viewer. Bob found this motor drive on eBay for under $1000 (they sold new for $25). The motor and battery were in the original wooden shipping case - never used. Inside, the motor was in its own box which had never been opened. The rubber bulb on the filling syringe has hardened, but the rest of the bits and pieces seem like new. This version of the motor was meant for cameras made after the first 1,000 - there is no waist-level viewer.

Reading the instructions on battery maintenance one can see why they didn’t fly off the shelf! Fully charged, the battery can operate the camera long enough to expose three 100 foot reels of film. Battery shelf life is very short - only a month or two, then it has to be recharged before use. To start, the new owner has to grind the enclosed acid crystals and add pure water - either distilled or rain. Before each charge, the water level in the little battery must be topped up. A meter is included to help identify whether the house power is AC or DC. If it is AC, a special Electrolytic Rectifier, included with the motor, must be used. This is a very inefficient kind of rectifier. It converts AC to DC by the effect of two dissimilar metal rods in a jar of electrolyte. The rectifier passes current one way very easily and the other way very poorly. See Wikipedia for more details.

Comparing the elaborate steps needed to ready the Cine-Kodak motor for use with Bell & Howell’s “turn the big key and start shooting", it’s easy to see which approach was successful. Kodak confirmed this when their next 16 mm camera, the model B of 1925 arrived complete with a spring drive motor.

Les Jones - Historic Soccer Photographs. Les Jones enjoys the historical images and artifacts of photography. His other love is soccer. Tonight he managed to combine both. Soccer - or English football - is the most popular sport in Canada with over 500 thousand players signed up in Ontario alone this year. Les noted the parallels between the growth in soccer and photography. In the early 1800s soccer games were played as photography was getting established. In pre-confederation Canada, the British army and navy played soccer on both coasts. In the late 1870s when dry plate was taking over, opening up photography to a wider audience, the first soccer leagues were established in the young Dominion of Canada in the Kitchener-Waterloo area of Ontario. Pushing the railroad across country spread soccer westward along with immigrants from the UK and western Europe. For more information on the history of soccer in Canada, visit Colin Jose’s web site

Les’s first soccer photograph shows the 1890 Preston (Cambridge) Ontario district champions. The photographer is Esson (see the article by Markus Booth, “If You Have Beauty…”, in Photographic Canadiana V25-2).

His second example of old soccer photographs shows the 1891 Detroit Association Football Club with the banner “Champions of Canada”. Les explained that a sparse population encouraged the formation of a few cross-border teams in the Southern Ontario league of the days.

His last example shows the 1904 Galt Football Team complete with the Union Jack. The team won the first Olympic Games soccer tournament. When the team arrived home late at night, 2,500 people turned out for a midnight victory parade. Les closed with a request that you contact him if you come across any old soccer photographs.

Bob Wilson - Selling Stereo Views a Century Ago. Traditionally, our last show and tell participant is stereo enthusiast Bob Wilson. For tonight’s presentation, Bob talked about the selling of stereo cards in the late 1800s - early 1900s and brought along a salesman’s kit. There were two major publishers in the business a century ago: Keystone and Underwood & Underwood.

Their Salesmen worked the countryside using special sales kits - like the encyclopedia salesmen who arrived with a special single volume “Reader’s Digest” version of their product to illustrate its virtues. The stereo sales kit includes a viewer, and a few sample slides along with instructions on how to sell stereo cards. The sample case Bob has includes a sales manual published in 1916. The topics include an explanation of stereo and how the eye see in stereo; employee deportment (no tobacco or alcohol); how to make a sales pitch; completing the sale, etc.

The kit has a few sample cards including two of the same scene - one with both left and right views the same and a second with the traditional left and right views that create the stereo effect. Salesmen are instructed never to give a customer an empty viewer, to always put two cards in the viewer so the customer is always looking at a scene even as cards are removed and added. Instructions included ways to deal with customer objections and how to save the cost of a meal when visiting a prospect at mealtime by offering him a discount of, say 35 cents, in trade for a place at the table. The salesman would then attempt to “up-sell” the customer for a larger order during the meal.

After canvassing his alloted area for two weeks, during which time he was expected to write up one hundred orders, the salesman would then return to his office to fill out and collect the orders. Order delivery was carefully timed for pay-day or the day after to ensure the customer had the money in hand. The sales-kit instructions included how to handle customers who changed their mind between order and delivery. It was unclear from the material whether the kit came with the job or was purchased by the salesman as a condition of employment. Nor did the kit include any price lists. Bob noted that stereo viewers sold for about 50 cents in the big department stores like Eaton’s.

Ed Warner - Silent Night. The society receives donations of books and hardware from time to time and items surplus to its needs are occasionally auctioned to members. The executive decided to hold a silent auction this time with Ed Warner as the auction master. Like Santa with bags full of goodies, Ed arrived extra early and set up the room, organizing and displaying the lots, each with a bidding sheet. As the evening’s audience trickled in, they saw tables full of interesting items around the perimeter of the room.

Ed introduced the auction before the Show and Tell, stating the rules and objectives for the sale of the lots and encouraging the audience to place bids throughout the evening. After the Show and Tell ended, the audience was invited to take a final ten minutes to check their bids. Ten minutes lalter bidding was stopped and the lot sheets collected. Ed donned his cashier’s hat and proceeded to announce the winning bidders and call them over to pay. Only two or three lots had no bid. They were combined into one and quickly sold by a traditional auction.

Thanks to all who came out and helped to make the evening and the auction a success.

Checking the lots
Checking the Lots

Box of Boxes
Box of Boxes

Projection Bulbs
Projection Bulbs
Ed Warner cashing-out
Ed Warner at Cash
Ed is happy with results
Ed is Happy
Goodnight All
'Night All

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